Varicose veins are large veins that are often engorged with blood causing the color of the skin to change to purple. Although often painless, in many cases, these types of bulging and enlarged veins may cause swelling and lumps leading to severe pain in larger limbs such as legs. Spider veins are generally smaller. They are blue in color and also can be visible through the skin. Most spider veins appear on all areas of the legs and face.
The symptoms for both varicose and spider veins are typically the same and may include the following:
- Weakened and damaged valves not allowing the blood to flow back causing the bulging
- Birth control pills administration
- Post-menopause hormonal changes
- Gender (mostly female population)
- Occupations requiring prolonged standing
- Chronic constipation or abdominal pain
- Age related conditions
There several different methods of vein treatment. Some of them are less aggressive and may be considered first before trying any surgical approach.
Laser Therapy Treatments – Laser and pulsating light are used in this technique, and they are more aggressive than other methods of conservative approach. Heat and energy are administered to remove any damaged veins and restore correct valve function therefore eradicating the cramping and pain. The side effect of this procedure typically includes permanent skin discoloration and formation of the blisters immediately after the procedure.
Sclerotherapy – It is one of the oldest techniques of varicose and spider vein removal and consist of concentrated saline solution inserted directly into the veins. It results in gradual dissipation of the lumps and swelling. The results are effective but may take a prolonged amount of time and several visits. The therapy is often preferred by patients as it is inexpensive and simple.
In order to maintain results and alleviate pressure, there are some at-home remedies for vein treatments. These do not offer the same results as the treatment options we offer at Dermatology Associates, but can help keep your legs healthy in the long-term.
Support Stockings – Most liberal approach for people mildly affected with the condition and only experiencing any discomfort occasionally. The stockings create a gentle pressure around the affected area aiding with proper blood flow through the veins. This generally easy method results in significant alleviation of the pain. The stocking come in different variations and can be worn pantyhose style, above-the-knee or below-the-knee.
Changes in Lifestyle Habits – Changing poor nutrition and other behaviors, such as smoking and excessive drinking, typically greatly help with the treatment of varicose and spider veins. Adopting new favorable habits including walking and other forms of exercise may be another helpful form of therapy.